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You Must Know
Test Name: Kh Renal Kidney Profile
Sample Type: Blood , Urine
These tests are often part of routine medical assessments, especially in individuals with a history of kidney disease,Abnormal results may warrant further investigation and medical management by a healthcare professional. It's essential to consult with a healthcare provider for a comprehensive evaluation and interpretation of these test results in the context of an individual's overall health.
Urea: Urea is a waste product that forms in the liver when the body breaks down proteins. It is excreted by the kidneys through urine. Elevated urea levels in the blood may indicate kidney dysfunction.
Creatinine: Creatinine is a waste product produced by the muscles as they break down creatine phosphate, and it is also excreted by the kidneys. Measuring creatinine levels in the blood is a common way to assess kidney function. Elevated creatinine levels can be a sign of impaired kidney function.
Uric Acid: Uric acid is a waste product resulting from the breakdown of purines in the body. High levels of uric acid can lead to conditions like gout and kidney stones. The kidneys play a role in excreting uric acid, so abnormal levels may be indicative of kidney issues.
BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen): BUN is a blood test that measures the amount of nitrogen in urea. It is often used to evaluate kidney function. Elevated BUN levels can be a sign of kidney problems.
Glucose: Blood glucose levels are measured to monitor blood sugar levels. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to kidney damage over time, so monitoring glucose is important in assessing kidney health.
Hemoglobin: Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the body's tissues. Kidney disease can lead to anemia, which can result in low hemoglobin levels.
Urine Routine Examination: A urine routine examination assesses the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine. It can provide information on kidney health and detect various kidney-related issues.
Microalbumin: Microalbumin is a small amount of a protein called albumin that may leak into the urine when the kidneys are damaged. Testing for microalbumin is used to detect early signs of kidney disease, especially in individuals with diabetes or high blood pressure.
Electrolytes: Electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and chloride are essential for maintaining the body's fluid balance and proper kidney function. Abnormal electrolyte levels can indicate kidney problems.